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Different Types of Air Cooling Systems

Last updated March. 20, 2020


Air cooling is one of the most essential things to fix in summer. Depending on where you live, it can be difficult to leave yourself and those around you at the mercy of summer heat.

It can get too hot that your immediate environment will not only be uncomfortable but potentially dangerous to your health.

In homes and commercial places, there is a need to have a functional and efficient air cooling system.

When it comes to air cooling systems, there is a handful of options to consider.

While some people are still stuck with the traditional air conditioning systems that are disadvantageous on different grounds, others are moving on to the better available options.

Knowing about different types of air cooling systems will help you make better decisions about your cooling needs and how to keep yourself and everyone around you cool.

Here, we will discuss the major types of air cooling systems available on the market.


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Central Air Conditioner


For a long while, this system has been the most common air cooling system in most countries. It is often a large system installed to service the entire home.

They are also used in commercial settings where they serve different offices of varying sizes. The central air conditioner uses a network of ducts to supply air throughout the home or any building it is being used.

The system is usually made up of an outdoor and an indoor unit.

The outdoor unit comprises of the compressor and condenser coils while the indoor unit is basically made up of evaporative coils. The two distinct units are linked by refrigerant lines.

One of the most important benefits of a central air cooling system is the fact that it provides consistent cooling for an entire home all summer long.

This is normally the case when the size of the home is considered during the installation process. Most units can be regulated with thermostats.

The major disadvantage of the system is the fact that it is expensive, results in higher energy bills, and requires extensive maintenance. It is also not environmentally-friendly.


Ductless Mini-Split Systems


Ductless systems are mostly smaller than central air cooling systems but work with almost the same principle.

They also do not require the extensive network of ducts needed by the central units to provide cooling. They are most suitable for smaller homes and apartments.

They can also be very helpful when a new room is being added to a home and the owner doesn’t fancy extending the ductwork. They also include indoor and outdoor units but installation is much easier.

Some of the biggest benefits of ductless mini-split systems include zoned temperature control, even temperature distribution and quieter operation.

The chances of enjoying better air quality are also better with this system as there are no ducts involved in distributing the cool air.

The major disadvantage is that they are still air conditioners and share some of the negative factors associated with them like high energy consumption and environmental unfriendliness.

They may not dehumidify the air and are a little difficult to maintain for long.


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Evaporative Air Coolers


Evaporative air coolers are regarded by many as the best air cooling solution for many reasons.

They are special air-cooling machines that work by absorbing hot air from the environment, passing them through cooling pads and releasing cool fresh air to the immediate environment.

They are of different types and sizes and can be used in residential buildings as well as in business areas.

While a typical industrial air cooler can be used in a large restaurant, portable air coolers can be used in different areas of the house and outdoor living areas.

Some of the biggest benefits of evaporative coolers (also called air coolers or swamp coolers) include affordability, ease of installation, energy-efficiency, provision of healthy fresh air, environmental-friendliness and many more.

Their major disadvantage is that they don't work efficiently in a highly humid environment.

You will also need to maintain them regularly and ensure they have adequate water supply to keep them running efficiently at all times.

Air cooling is necessary for the summer. While it is super important to keep your environment cool and comfortable, you should do it most efficiently and cost-effectively.

Having learned about the different types of air cooling systems, we hope you can apply the knowledge to choose the best for you.

A perfect air cooling system will keep your home or place of business in great condition without causing financial strain.


Room Air Conditions


These are personalized air conditioning systems because they are installed to serve a single room. As you would expect, they are a lot smaller than the other types of A/Cs.

Like others, they are also composed of outdoor and indoor units. The compressors are ideally located outside while an indoor unit is located on the opposite side of the wall.

Room air coolers can be mounted on windows as well as on walls and work the same way in any case.

The most important thing about window air conditioners is the fact that they are quite affordable.

Since they are small and designed to serve individual rooms, they are way cheaper than central air conditioners.

They are also ideal when you need to cool just a few rooms in an entire house; they will make an economic option.

On the negative side, room air coolers still consume a lot of energy and are not so healthy or environmentally friendly. Some can be noisy too.


Heat Pumps


This is a cooling and a heating system at the same time. It is a modern system that works by extracting heat from one area and taking it to another.

It regulates temperature in the summer as well as in the winter, keeping you cool when you need it and heating your home when you need it.

Geothermal heat pumps are most effective as they can collect the hot air from your home and send it underground, sending cool air from the earth at the same time. In the winter, the process will be reversed to heat your home.

The biggest benefit of heat pumps is the fact that they are environmentally friendly. The process of obtaining cool or hot air from the earth crust of the atmosphere does not cause any serious harm to the environment.

The process also doesn’t consume too much electricity. The most notable disadvantage of the system is the fact that it is very expensive to install. It is also not available in most places.


If you have any further questions, contact us and we would be happy to help you.

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